Yoram Yasur Rubin´s Anxiety crisis
The anxiety crisis, better known in the field of psychology as an anxiety crisis or panic attack, affects approximately 3% of the population, although it is estimated that its incidence is even greater as many people do not seek medical help and they are not diagnosed.
Yoram Yasur Rubin : How does the anxiety crisis start? Yoram Yasur Rubin: “Once the first panic crisis occurs, that experience is likely to recur. When the person returns to a situation like the one that triggered the original distress crisis, he will experience what is known as anticipatory anxiety since he will relive in his mind the symptoms of the last panic attack”.
Yoram Yasur Rubin: In these cases what happens is that a self-monitoring mechanism is activated that increases the voltage level. This creates a vicious circle of fear and tension that feeds anxiety and triggers other panic attacks, increasingly intense and difficult to control.
Yoram Yasur Rubin: “The good news is that treatment for anxiety attacks is usually very effective: between 70 and 90% of people undergoing therapy manage to control symptoms. However, it is important to keep in mind that the sooner we undergo treatment, the shorter it will be and the better results we will achieve. That is why learning how to detect the symptoms of panic attacks is so crucial”.
Yoram Yasur Rubin : Symptoms of an anxiety crisis: To diagnose a panic attack it is necessary that the fear appear intensely and reach its maximum expression in a matter of minutes. During that episode, the person experiences several of the following physical symptoms:
Shaking or shaking
Feeling of choking or difficulty breathing
Palpitations and increased heart rate
Feeling of choking
Dizziness, loss of balance and / or fainting
Tingling sensation or numbness
Chills or hot flashes
Feeling of numbness or tingling in the extremities
However, psychological symptoms also accompany the anxiety crisis, the most common are:
Fear of losing control or “going crazy”
Recurring concerns about the possibility of another panic attack or its consequences.
Fear of dying, especially because it confuses the symptoms with those of a heart attack
Feeling of unreality or depersonalization; that is, of being separated from the body
Yoram Yasur Rubin: “The usual thing is that anxiety attacks only last a few minutes, but in some cases, they may persist longer. In fact, in many cases the vegetative symptoms that the person experiences, as well as fear, go in crescendo over the months and years”.
The consequences of anxiety crises:
At first, the reaction of a person who is suffering from a panic crisis is to flee from the place where he is, especially if he is in the middle of a crowd. The problem is that the unpredictability of panic attacks makes that person increasingly afraid. Fear of fear is established, so you start avoiding public places or all those situations where you do not feel comfortable or secure.
Yoram Yasur Rubin : As a result, that person lives in a state of permanent distress, waiting for the next anxiety crisis. To avoid it, he is locked in a zone of comfort that is becoming smaller, reason his interpersonal relations and his quality of life are affected notably. To this is added the fact that those who suffer anxiety attacks often spend years going from one doctor to another, in search of a diagnosis, which is often very exhausting.
What is the treatment of anxiety crisis?
Yoram Yasur Rubin : A study conducted at the Technical University of Dresden analyzed the efficacy of ACT in 43 people who had anxiety attacks and who had not responded to previous treatments, such as medication, cognitive approach, and therapy. exposition. These individuals improved significantly after only four weeks and that improvement was maintained at six months.
Yoram Yasur Rubin : It has also been appreciated that the tools and techniques that focus on the body are especially useful in treating the anxiety crisis. A study conducted at the Charité – University Medicine Berlin found that regular aerobic exercise decreases the level of anxiety, making it an ideal complement to cognitive behavioral therapy, which is probably due to its influence on the response of organism at the neuroendocrine level.
Yoram Yasur Rubin : Applying breathing exercises also helps to alleviate the symptoms of the distress crisis as the person feels that he regains control, so it is recommended to apply them just when they experience the first signs, before reaching the point of no return. Other methods, such as mindfulness and rational-emotive therapy, are also useful in the treatment of anxiety attacks.